Other Free Encyclopedias » Social Issues Reference » Child Development Reference - Vol 2

Congenital Deformities

abnormalities family physical syndrome

Congenital deformities include a broad range of physical abnormalities existing from birth, although some, such as scoliosis, may not manifest until later in life. The most common are craniofacial deformities, such as cleft lip or palate, and skeletal deformities, such as clubfoot or spina bifida. Certain chromosomal disorders such as Fragile X syndrome and Down syndrome also have associated physical abnormalities, as have substance-induced problems such as fetal alcohol syndrome. The impacts of congenital deformities can be primary, such as delays in the development of motor and language skills, or secondary, such as social ostracism and low self-esteem. Surgical procedures may help with many of the physical abnormalities, although these can involve multiple surgeries and may cause more stress for the child and family members. Congenital abnormalities are best thought of as chronic illnesses; multidisciplinary, as well as psychosocial, interventions at the individual, family, and community levels are usually recommended.

Bibliography

Brewer, E. J., M. McPherson, P. R. Magrab, and V. L. Hutchins."Family-Centered, Community-Based Coordinated Care for Children with Special Health Care Needs." Pediatrics 83 (1989):1055-1060.

Smith, D. W. Smith's Recognizable Patterns of Human Malformation, 4th edition, edited by K. L. Jones. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1988.

William E. Sobesky

Conservation [next] [back] Conformity

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

2 months ago

So offer Blossoms for gathering on the web with all the elite game plans :-
http://www.rakhiinindia.in/flower-delivery-in-delhi.html
http://www.rakhiinindia.in/flower-delivery-in-gurgaon.html
http://www.rakhiinindia.in/flower-delivery-in-noida.html
http://www.rakhiinindia.in/flower-delivery-in-ghaziabad.html
http://www.rakhiinindia.in/flower-delivery-in-faridabad.html

Vote down Vote up

9 months ago



Packers and Movers Pune
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-pune.html
Packers and Movers in Mumbai
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai.html

Vote down Vote up

9 months ago


Packers and Movers in Gurgaon
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon.html
Packers and Movers in Delhi
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-delhi.html
Packers and Movers in Noida
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-noida.html

Vote down Vote up

9 months ago


Packers and Movers in Bangalore
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore.html
Packers and Movers in Hyderabad
http://www.toshift.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad.html

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago


Thanks for information The5th company top services for packing and moving services in India
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai.html

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

I have learn a few just right stuff here. Definitely value bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how much attempt you set to create this sort of great informative web site.
http://mitra-seo.blogspot.com/